I am a big fan of outdoor IP home surveillance cameras; I personally think they are one of the best deterrents for thieves and criminal behaviour on your property, and in the event of something happening, you have some video footage to show the police or insurance companies.
Many of the wire-free surveillance cameras I have reviewed
use cloud recording or record to microSD, but if you want the best solution
recording to a network video recorder is by far the best option.
The vast majority of POE outdoor cameras will be compatible
with ONVIF, which is an open standard that allows IP based video surveillance
products to talk to each other.
So any ONVIF compatible camera can record to an ONVIF NVR or
server running CCTV software.
NVR vs DVR
DVR means “digital video recorder”. It’s regarded as the
predecessor of NVR and can only handle lower resolution video due to the
nature of the analogue cables.
- With IP cameras there is no hard limit on the resolution,
with Ethernet comfortably going up to gigabit. Realistically most IP cameras
and NVRs cap out at about 8MP vs 2MP of a DVR.
- IP based cameras have a lot of smart features
built-in, some include a microSD for storage, most have motion detection, line
crossing detection, direct recording to network drives and more
- Some NVR devices offer the option to record footage
from Wi-Fi cameras.
- A DVR has a limited range, the analogue signals
don’t travel far. The maximum length for Ethernet is 100m, but you can extend
this to an almost unlimited distance if needed by daisy-chaining switches.
If you are the sort of person that has old laptops or PC
hardware lying around it could be worth building your own NVR, it is more
rewarding, you get better features and generally a superior solution to cheap
There are a few caveats here. Self-builds tend to be big and
ugly, they will use more electricity, and depending on what software you use and
what you do with it the CPU may struggle.
There are two popular options Blue Iris and ZoneMinder.
Both options have some snazzy features allowing you to use
more than just standard IP Cameras. They also both have some advanced motion
sensing features that can dramatically reduce alerts.
This is what I have used, and I am currently experimenting
with. For most people this will be the easiest solution because it is a Windows
application, you install it and away you go. So if you have an old laptop
already running windows you could be fully set up in 30 mins or so.
The main downside is that it is not free. You can try it out
for 15-days but after that, you will need to pay $34.95 for a single camera or $69.95
ZoneMinder is free which is a big plus. However, it only runs on various Linux distributions so is not quite as easy to set up for some people. It supports Ubuntu, RedHat, Debian, and Gentoo so you can get it to work on all sorts of existing systems
Synology Surveillance Station
Another option is if you have a Synology NAS you can use the Surveillance Station software. Synology includes a licence for 2 cameras and you will need to purchase more if you plan a larger system, and this will cost around £50 per camera, so not particularly cheap.
You will also need to make sure you Synology NAS can handle the number of cameras. However each NAS can normally accommodate a large number of cameras, the affordable DiskStation DS218play can handle 15 cameras in total.
Affordable NVRs on Amazon
If you just want to buy something off the shelf, install an
HDD and start recording 24/7 there are a lot of cheap options on Amazon. From
my experience, the user interface is never amazing, and you generally get what
you pay for, but once set up, you should be able to leave it and not worry.
With some NVRs you have POE ports so you can plug the cameras directly into the unit. Some do not, and therefore require a POE switch, or power via a plug.
|Price||Reviews||Rating||1 star %||ONVIF||POE Ports / Channels||Resolution||Notes|
|Hikvision Hilook NVR-104MH-C||104.99||5||3.1||0.23||Yes||4 POE||8MP 4K||HEVC H.265 NVR|
|Hikvision DS-7608NI-K2/8P||235.67||6||4.7||0||YES||8 POE||8MP 4K||2×3.5HDD slots
HEVC H.265 NVR
|Hikvision DS-7616NI-K2/16P||263||1||5||0||Yes||16 POE||8MP 4K||2×3.5HDD slots
HEVC H.265 NVR
|HiWatch NVR-104-A||75.1||9||3.9||0||Yes||4 POE||4MP|
|Dahua nvr2108-s2||£82.52||6||5||0||Yes||4 Channels||6MP|
|lookcctv PoE NVR||115.99||8||3.8||0.26||Yes||8 POE / 16 Channels||5MP||HEVC H.265 NVR|
|Foscam FN3109H||99.99||106||3.6||0.16||Yes||9 Channels||1080p|
|Evtevision 32CH||158.88||66||4||0.14||Yes||16 POE / 32 channel||5MP|
|Ezviz CS-X5C-8||114.9||9||4.2||0.1||Yes||8 Channel||1080P||Works with Ezviz wireless cameras too|
|Reolink 8CH||162||18||4.1||0.14||NO||8 POE||8MP, 5MP, 4MP||Must use Relolink cameras|
I was a little underwhelmed with the options on Amazon, I
think mainly, people wanting a good NVR go to a specialist, and a good NVR is
generally not very cheap.
Evtevision is one stand out option, they have models from as low as £69.90 for an NVR without POE and capable of 16 channels doing H.265 recording with 5MP/1080P cameras. The 8 POE port, 16 channel model is £113.88 and the 16 port, 32 channel is £158.88.
The Foscam FN3109H should be considered, Foscam is a reputable company in this field and the NVR is reasonably well-reviewed.
For a larger budget, the Hikvision DS-7608NI-K2/8P is often recommended by professional CCTV companies and Hikvision is the biggest name in the business.